The Theory Of Leadership Behavior

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Leadership Behaviors One constant need of all communities, organizations, states and nations is that of quality leadership. Northouse (2007) describes school leadership by stating that it is “a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal” (p. 3). Northouse defines a “process” as a collection of systems in which the leadership and member of the school share in the development and delivery by joining behavior, policies and focus. In this many way an effective leader must embody certain competencies and behaviors. Bolman and Deal (2003) identify “four frames” that relate to good leadership practice: (a) “The Structural Frame” that relates to making key organizational decisions based on a lens that…show more content…
They will build teams that provide leadership to the organization in all of the four frames: structural, political, human resource, and symbolic. When focused on team building the leader must balance the values of participation and collaboration through their own leadership behaviors and competencies. The pressures around student achievement have put added pressure upon principals. These pressures have caused important questions to be raised about the principal’s behaviors and the effect on those behaviors (Davis et al 2011). Pellicer, Anderson, Keefe, Kelly, and McCleary (1988) ran a study in where they pulled data from 1970 through 1990. Based on that data they concluded that at that time school leaders focused primarily on student activities and operations. These aspects were focused on even if they had a negative impact on teacher development. In their estimation principals were spending too much time on district demand and school-wide behavior. They were not spending enough time on planning and instructional development. Carr (1997) conducted case studies of four schools in the Midwest United States. This school had minority populations and showed that leaders needed to model and live as examples of the behaviors they want their stakeholders to exhibit. Carr also found that it is important for the leader to be of aware of the experiences, cultural and
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