The Theory Of Moral Development Essay

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The theory of moral development was developed by psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg and is a very interesting subject that stemmed from Jean Piaget’s theory of moral reasoning. this theory helped us to develop the understanding that morality starts from the early childhood years and can be affected by several factors. This theory encompasses the ideas that moral reasoning, which is considered the basis for moral behavior, has six identifiable developmental stages. According to Kohlberg the six stages of moral development are obedience, and punishment, self-interest, interpersonal accord and conformity, authority and social-order maintaining, social contract and universal ethical principles. The six stages of moral development are grouped into three levels of morality: pre-conventional morality, conventional morality, and post-conventional morality. The pre-conventional consist of obedience and punishment orientation and Self-interest orientation which focuses on punishment and rewards. The conventional morality level includes Interpersonal accord and conformity which concentrated on social norms and good attitude. The third level is post-conventional and it consist of social contract orientation and universal ethical principles. Kohlberg’s theory was based on a considerable amount of empirical research in which children of different ages were asked to reason about moral dilemmas (Maxwell 2014). The preconventional level displaces a child 's perception of morality is controlled

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