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The Theory Of Moral Theory

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In the domain of moral theory there are many approaches to see what a moral action is. The aim of this paper is to evaluate a moral theory known as Utilitarianism. The idea of Utilitarianism is summed up in “The Principle of Utility” or better known as “The Greatest Happiness Principle” (Bentham 6). The principle proposes the idea that an action is right if it maximizes pleasure and minimizes pain to the greatest number of people. Numbers do not dictate the ethics or morality of an action. However, is there a way in which this theory could be utilized in minor situations? The purpose of this paper is to explain Bentham’s moral theory as well as to demonstrate why the theory is impossible to calculate. This essay will also discuss arguments for and against Bentham’s theory in order to demonstrate that it is not applicable to large-scale scenarios due to the complexity of the theory.
The idea of “The Greatest Happiness Principle” was first developed by Jeremy Bentham. The principle is focused on the concept of maximizing pleasure and minimizing pain for the greatest number of people. He intends to determine whether an action is morally right or wrong through the use of hedonic calculus. Before going forward, it is essential to differentiate the concepts that Bentham mentions: consequences, calculus, and hedonism. Starting off with consequences it is relatively straight-forward. Bentham’s utilitarianism focuses more heavily on the effects rather than the process. The calculus
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