The Theory Of Nature Vs. Nurture

1523 Words Jun 2nd, 2016 7 Pages
As stated, the “nature versus nurture” concept is very prevalent within developmental theory. Many theorists have strong opinions on the subject and how it relates to biological development, behavioral development and learning. The nature concept refers to development being driven by heredity, maturation, genes, and inborn intrinsic actions (Lerner, 2002). A theorist who had a strong view that nature was the driving force behind development was Jean-Jacques Rousseau. In contrast, the nurture concept refers to experiences learned from the environment, education acquired and socialization (Lerner, 2002). A theorist who believed that nurture played the leading role in development was John Locke. Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that children developed according to natures plan and as a result they reached different capacities at different stages (Crain, 2016). He was strongly against the concept of the environment helping in the development of individuals and felt that the corrupt society caused people to do bad things. According to Crain (2016) Rousseau believed that development consisted of four different stages that proceeded according to an inner biological timetable. Today, this concept is called biological maturation. Rousseau’s stages were Infancy, Childhood, Late Childhood, and Adolescence. The Infancy stage took place from birth to 2 years old. During this stage, infants experience the world directly through their senses. They are active, curious learners and they touch…
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