The Theory Of Needs Theories And How An Individual 's Human Behaviour Works

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Motivation is the influence or drive for an individual to perform a specific act. In the past many theorists have scrutinised the concept of needs theories and how an individual’s human behaviour works in order for them to be motivated. However it has also been a very heavy topic considering different theorists have judged one another’s perception on the notion of motivating factors. In the past centuries, theorists have critically analysed the ways in which individuals are best motivated. A well-known psychologist Maslow (1943) believed that there are five levels of needs in order for an individual to be fully motivated. His focus is more on the positive needs of employees. From the Bottom of the pyramid comes the physiological needs or in other words basic needs, which consist of necessities such as food, water, health and things that any human starts with. He stresses on the notion of homeostasis as part of these needs, ‘the body’s automatic efforts to maintain a constant, normal state of the bloodstream’ (Maslow 1943,p.270). When satisfied, they tend to search for safety needs; these can be considered as job security. Such acts are moving from a job to a much safer one or even one that have long term contracts. People will then look at the next level of social needs, to be ultimately recognised by others, and to just fit in the workforce. The next level is the esteem needs, to feel good about ones self, and to be praised by those higher on the organisational hierarchy.
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