The Theory Of Personality : A Psychoanalytic Theory

1084 Words Nov 27th, 2014 5 Pages
Freud developed a theory to describe the structure of personality called a psychoanalytic theory. This theory suggested that personality consists of the interaction of three component parts of personality and the mind: the id, ego, and superego. These three components are separate, but work together to make up the self. Each of these are important when it comes to development, and they are all a part of everyone. However, even though these components are at work in everyone, one may be more prominent in one person than another. It is important to understand what each of these components mean.
The Id
The id is the unconscious and impulsive part of the inner self. The id reacts directly and immediately to the instincts. The id wants satisfaction immediately. When this happens, the self will experience pleasure. When it is denied, it will experience displeasure or sometimes even pain. The id will not be affected by reason, reality or the everyday world.
The id is referred to as the raw, unorganized, inborn part of the personality. Starting at birth, the id will try to decrease tension that is created by primitive drives. These drivers can be connected to hunger, sex, aggression, and irrational impulses. The personality of the newborn child is initially all id. As the child grows up, it will then develop an ego and super-ego.
The id functions according to the pleasure principle. In the pleasure principle, the goal is to immediately reduce tension, and increase satisfaction. The…
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