The Theory Of Personality Development Essay

1646 Words7 Pages
“Repression occurred where there was a conflict between opposing wishes and desires” (Collins and Makowsky, 2010, pg. 132). Repression is one of Freud’s many theories to try and explain humans’ actions and behaviors. He supposed that through operant conditioning, people have learned how to act in ways that society would consider as appropriate. Not only that, the father of psychology wrote the theory of personality development and the theories of aggression that have help sociologists understand the contemporary humans’ social behavior, on topics such as violence and social life. So is violence [aggression] is innate in us? In this essay, I will try to answer the following questions: what is Sigmund Freud’s relevance to sociology, how can his observations and theories illuminate contemporary social behavior, and how does his essay Civilization and its discontents (1930) speak to modern debates on violence and social life. To begin, the theory of personality development is composed of three elements: the id, the ego, and the superego. As Collins and Makowsky (2010) simply put it, “The ego (cognition of the external world), the id (the emotional or instinctual being), and the superego (identifications and social ideas)” (pp. 136). In a sense, it’s like our internal check-and-balance system to help us maneuver in this society. For us to progress as a society, we cannot act on our impulses, in turn, this allow civilizations to happen. Furthermore, through socialization, human
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