The Theory Of Planned Behavior

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The Theory of planned behavior: The self-efficacy is defined boarder. self-efficacy is about how well the person can control external resources such as money, time, or internal factors such as willpower. According to Girardelli and Patel (2016), the behaviors are not only on account of self-efficacy, but also depended on attitudes and social norms. To illustrate, attitudes are whether consider the consequences of the behaviors are favorable or unfavorable, and whether the feelings of performing these behaviors are positive, neutral, or negative. Social norms are whether people around the participants accept behaviors or not. People will observe whether their significant others, such as peer and parents, do it or not. First of all,…show more content…
Furthermore, they not only ask participants whether can do but also the level of certainty. For instance, the participants not only answer whether they believe they can remember the context, but also answer how much they are confident about them believes. According to Zimmerman (2001), Bandura firstly pointed out that the influences of self-efficacy on academic performance is measured by the level of difficulties of the task, the generality of the task, and the strength of believe to perform. To illustrate, Bandura records the types of tasks and the level of difficulties together with the strength of self-efficacy will be influenced the difficulty of the tasks. In other words, the perceived self-efficacy only make sense when the task and the difficult level are provided. Furthermore, according to Zimmerman (2001), the generality of the tasks is very low because the self-efficacy is very sensitive to environmental influences. That is, when self-efficacy aims at a specific task, it does not fit other tasks. As for measurement of strength can be more detailed, according to Khan (2013), the researchers use self-efficacy scales to measure the strength of self-efficacy. For example, participants are required to rank from 1 to 7 whether they believe they can perform certain academic tasks, such as time management. Whether the participants’ self-efficacy is high or low depends on the comparison with the mean.

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