The Theory Of Psychogenic Needs

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Murray’s Theory of Psychogenic Needs can be interpreted as processes of satisfying motives and needs and is influenced by Freud’s Theory of Psychoanalysis . The first principle in Murray’s theory, is based on the personality being rooted in the brain while cerebral physiology is guiding and governs every aspect of the personality. Feelings, beliefs, attitudes, conscious and unconscious memories, everything on which personality depends exists inside the brain, as well as values and fears. The second principle is based on the idea of tension reduction. Murray agreed with other theorists and Freud about the idea of people behaving and acting a behaving in to reduce physiological psychological tension. However, people do not…show more content…
In first stage there is an increase in structural compositions. The middle stage is significant for compositions of structures and functions that emerged earlier. During the final stage the formation ability of new compositions and recompositions diminishes due to the atrophy of functions and forms that already existed. Each period includes many small programs of behaviors and experiences that are operated by the direction of genetically controlled maturational processes. Murray also used different categories for the types of needs. Primary and Secondary Needs that consist of physical satisfaction. Secondary Needs do not have focal connection with physical satisfaction. Overt and Convert Needs: where Overt Needs are Manifest Needs and Covert Needs are latent. Focal and diffused needs: where focal needs are linked to particular types of environmental objects. Proactive and Reactive Needs and diffused needs are very generalized generalized and can apply to a lot of environmental settings. Proactive Needs are based of within as a result of something in the individual. Reactive Needs are only activated as a result of environmental event. Modal Needs include deeds of perfection or quality. And Effect Needs are those that eventually lead to the desire end or final state. Murray also talks about “press”, which is an environmental force that interacts with needs and helps in the determinations of the
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