In this approach we see the theories of psychology that see the human mind function based upon the interaction of forces and drives within the mind, normally this means unconscious thoughts, but it also includes looking at the different structures of the personality.
Psychology is the scientific “study of the mind” (Gross, 2015) and behaviour, which includes the study of humans and animals. There are various approaches in modern psychology. A theoretical approach is a perspective which is someone’s view about human behaviour, there can be many different theories within an approach, however they all piece together the same assumptions. (McLeod, 2007). A theory is an attempt by theorists to try to explain behaviour. Theories are not facts but can be verified by testing. Theories can then be evaluated which I aim to achieve through this essay, where I will briefly explain the theoretical approaches in psychology and aim to focus on an analysis of each perspective which consists of the psychodynamic,
Psychology, due to its complexity can be approached in a variety of ways. To help us understand the human mind, behaviourist and psychodynamic approaches have helped us understand the alternative outlooks in the science of mind and behaviour. Both approaches can be examined by the means of theoretical assumptions and methodology.
Psychology is the scientific “study of the mind” (Gross, 2015) and behavior, which includes the study of humans and animals. There are various approaches in modern psychology. A theoretical approach is a perspective (view) about human behavior, there may be several different theories within an approach, but they all share these common assumptions and principles. (McLeod, 2007). A theory is an attempt by theorists to try to explain behavior. Theories are not facts but can be verified by testing. Theories can then be evaluated which I aim to do through this essay, where I will briefly explain the theoretical approaches in psychology and aim to focus on an analysis for each perspective which consist of the psychodynamic, humanist, cognitive and behavioral approaches where I will analyze the strengths and weaknesses of each approach separately.
Psychodynamic Approaches were derived from Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory. He believed that many of the things that we do are not just derived from our consciousness but also from our sub-consciousness. He believed that everything that we do as children from
The Psychodynamic Psychology believes that we have innative drives which determine behaviour, however our early experiences shape these drives and our personality develops as a result of conflict resolution occurring in childhood towards adolescence. This approach was founded by Sigmund Freud who was criticised for having placed to much emphasis on sexuality especially in childhood and said about his largely unscientific nature of his research method might be an unreliable theory. He stated that
Psychology can be defined as the systematic study of mental processes, couple with behaviors, and experiences (Kalat, 2011). There are many ways in examining, mental processes and behaviors among people, and therefore psychologist uses different perspectives to understand how human beings, think, act, and behave. Some psychologist uses one perspective to analyze behaviors, and other uses a multidimensional approach. Carter & Seifert (2013) identified 7 major perspectives that are used to study people’s behavior, and mental processes. These perspectives are the biological, evolutionary, psychodynamic, behavioral, humanistic, cognitive, and the sociocultural perspective.
The psychodynamic approach is an approach to psychology that emphasizes systematic study of the psychological forces that underlie human behavior, feelings, and emotions and how they might relate to early experience. Sigmund Freud the founder of the psychodynamic approach to psychology or psychoanalysis. While he led the process to look at subconscious thoughts and desires most of his beliefs were wrong. Some beliefs are that our behavior and feelings as adults (including psychological problems) are rooted in our childhood experiences, Personality is made up of three parts: the id, ego and superego. Parts of the unconscious mind (the id and superego) are in constant conflict with the conscious part of the mind (the ego).
The psychodynamic model was formulated by Sigmund Freud during the early 1900’s; this model is based on three basic assumptions namely the unconscious mind, psychic energies and early childhood experiences. The majority of the mind functions unconsciously and these unconscious activities reflect features of personality.
The practice of psychotherapy involves several approaches and different psychologists’ often use different psychological theories to achieve their goals in treatment and interventions. However, the combination of these psychological theories is important for the improvement of psychoanalysis of patients and the treatment approaches used. This paper will, therefore, analyze three psychological theories which include; attachment theory, control mastery theory and the object relations theory. Additionally, the analysis will involve the combination of these three theories to produce and integrated approach suitable for psychoanalysis and psychotherapy. The development of the paper will involve stating the individual theories and their theorists, an explanation of each theory and a combination of the three theories to improve the practice of psychology.
Psychology is a very complex thing to understand to make it easier it is split up. There are different ways to interpret the big picture in psychology it makes senses for people to do so. There are five approaches to psychology and they are Cognitive, Behavioral, Biological, Humanistic, and Psychodynamic. All of these approaches are different from one another but can sometimes be used together to get a better understanding.
The Psychoanalytic perspective, which was ultimately created in the 1900s by Doctor Sigmund Freud (Human & Day, 2015), focuses on the unconscious motivations of behaviour (Weiten, 2013). Unconscious motivations can include thoughts, memories
Psychology is a modern science which studies the human mind and how it functions. The area of psychology refers to all aspects of conscious and unconscious experience as well as thoughts. It can be described as both an academic and applied discipline. The aim of this science is to understand individuals and social groups. Psychology examines peoples mental functions and why they exhibit specific behaviours in certain settings. Some of the key concepts explored in psychology include cognition, perception,attention,emotion,motivation,personality, brain functions,behaviour,cognition and interpersonal relationships. Psychology has gone through many changes throughout the years. It has roots in philosophy, the link between biological foundations