The Theory Of Psychology, Humanistic, Social Cognitive And Trait Perspective

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Personality is defined as an individual’s unique and relatively consistent patterns of thinking1. In psychology, personality is utilized to sum up all the ways of an individual’s thinking, feeling and acting that based on the environment and experience. Various personality theories exist and are categorized into four major perspectives—Psychoanalytic, Humanistic, Social Cognitive and trait perspective. These four major perspectives on personality help to describe the numerous patterns in each individual’s personality.
The first major theory in psychology is Psychoanalytic perspective which focuses on the importance of the unconscious mental process; the importance of sexual and aggressive instincts and the early childhood experiences on a personality. The psychoanalytic perspective was created by the psychiatrist Sigmund Freud, who believed that things hidden in the unconscious part of the brain could be revealed in a number of different ways: through dreams, free association and slips of the tongue also referred to as “Freudian slips”.
Second is Humanistic perspective, it emphasizes on psychological growth, free will and self-awareness. This perspective takes more of a “holistic” approach having a positive outlook on human nature and is centered on how an individual can attain their own potential and opposed the “negative” view of the psychoanalytic perspective which focused on the sexual unconscious and destructive instincts1. Carl Rogers was one of the most influential
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