The Theory Of Rational Systems

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Scott 's Perspective of Organization 's as Rational Systems in the perspective of Weber, Simon and Taylor. In the perspective of rational systems as defined by Scott- organizations are defined as “instruments designed to attain specific goals”. Scott focuses on the action of functional rationality that refers to the implementation of a 'series of actions ' to attain specific goals with maximum possible efficiency. Scott 's draws his basic definition of rationality by encompassing the results, research and ideas of a number of theorists. However, a careful analysis of the work of each depicts highly visible similarities and differences present in their approaches. A detailed analysis of the work of some of the key classical rational…show more content…
However, Simon 's description of rationality seems to be a breakthrough from the traditional rational perspective which is more focused on the mechanical concepts of organizations to more of the human/behavioral component of it by a¬¬nalyzing the behavior of individual decision makers. He is seen using terms as the 'cognitive limitations ' of individual decision maker. His view on rationality can be seen to be segueing to the perspective of natural systems where one sees the birth of the idea of social systems. Hence, while the basic idea of rationality is seen to be resonating in the work of all three theorists ', their approach to it varies greatly. Taylor brought a breakthrough in management by his experiments which focused on the analysis of individual tasks and the rationalization of labor to increase the productivity of the workforce. He tested this at the Bethlehem Iron where he increased production over 350% and reduced workers by 70% by increasing the shovel size. Hence, he advocated rationalization to create thriving organizations. He argued that problems such as low productivity, soldiering, high-turnover and conflicts in relationships of workers and managers caused a great amount of loss in productivity and therefore resulted in mismanagement and a loss of efficiency. As a solution, he proposed his theory of Scientific Management. His theory had four basic principles: finding the one "best way" to perform each task, carefully matching each worker to
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