The Theory Of Science And Scientific Revolutions

2396 WordsApr 4, 201610 Pages
Thomas Kuhn was an American philosopher, born in 1922, whom wrote about the distinction between normal science and revolutionary science. He was seen as a destroyer of logical empiricism throughout his career. This was because his work seemed to show how interesting it was to connect philosophical questions about science, with questions about the history of science. Throughout this essay, I will connect questions of philosophy and the history of science together by explaining Kuhn’s account of the structure of normal science and scientific revolutions. Firstly, normal science and revolutionary science are pieces of a paradigm. A paradigm, in turn, is a whole way of doing science. It is a package of claims about the world, habits of scientific thought and action, and methods for gathering and analyzing data (76). A paradigm is a belief that the community supports in terms of which scientific view is correct. For example, “the sun rises in the east each morning” is a paradigm that numerous past and present generations believe. The role of a paradigm is to organize scientific work, as it categorizes the work of individuals into efficient collective enterprises. There are two forms of paradigms, the first being the broad sense, while the second is the narrow sense. The broad sense paradigm is the one explained above; where a paradigm is a package of ideas and methods, and when combined, create a view of the world, and a way of science (77). A key part of a broad sense paradigm
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