In the James Harvey Robinson story “On Various Kinds of Thinking” and the Ralph Waldo Emerson story “Self Reliance” both of the authors talk about the different ways people process information. Along with this, the two authors address how people pursue knowledge in different ways. For Robinson, he proves that people do not only apply their minds to work ideas out, but also the persuasion of others. On the other hand, Emerson states that we have learned to follow since it is all we have ever known and do not wish to risk stepping out of our comfort zones. Both of these authors write about similar ways of learning, but their ways also differentiate from each other.
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate Henry Hale’s article “Divided we Stand: Institutional Sources for Ethno federal State Survival and Collapse”. Hale’s attempts to respond to the criticism leveled against ethnofederalism, which posits that ethnofederal institutional arrangement leads to secession and consequently failure of central state. He argues that existence of a core ethnic region facilitates separatism and secessionism, which if addressed will resolve the misconception about ethnofederalism. His theory of a state’s collapse is solid and well argued. However, there are some contradictions in its casual mechanism, which can be perfected with further research. This review proceeds as follows. The first section provides a brief summary of the article. The second section discusses the articles methodology, and the last section provides critique of the article.
The defining characteristic of the state is the ability to wield power. The use of power, both inside and outside of one’s border, directly speaks to the sovereignty of the nation. If a nation is incapable of disciplining or punishing its citizens it will invariably become a failed state. Moreover if a country isn’t recognized as powerful in the global political arena, that country stands a very good chance of being dominated by a nation who has the capacity to enforce its own will. The use, or at least the perception, of power is so fundamental in nationhood that those who wield the most power can easily dictate world events.
Firstly, this essay will investigate the idea of ‘nationalism’ and the ‘nation-state’. Coming into effect during modernity, nationalism is, at its core, a form of macro level societal management that regulates people into particular groups (Ritzer ed. 2005). These groups are able to construct a united and exceptionally powerful collective identity which is linked to a much larger and seemingly ‘fixed’ force, the nation. Thus, the nation perpetuates a deep-seated sense of ‘commonality’ among citizens in society, but it also separates people by creating illusionary distinctions and differences to other nations (Ritzer ed. 2005). These distinctions have become ‘naturalised’ within social life and often manifest (sometimes subtly) through every-day symbols, objects, narratives, institutions and activities (flags, sporting events, money and banks) (Wade 2011).
Multiple Choice | Learning Objective: 06-01 - What the sovereignty of nations means and how it can affect the stability of government policies
Secession occurs due minorities wanting independence or sovereignty for political-cultural identity reasons. Self-determination, which is the idea that a people that possess some sort of unanimous identity have the right to pursue their own political interests and form their own state, is most commonly considered the primary justification for secession (Clark 739). However, there is an ongoing debate as to when a people can put this notion of self-determination into practice. The ‘extent’ of self-determination that a people has is one of the major factors that determines whether or not a secession can be successful. However, there are many other contributing determinants of success. In particular, this paper will demonstrate that state systems and their power structures are an equally important aspect of secession that can ultimately impact and alter its outcome and success. It will contend that secessionist movements are more likely to achieve a favourable outcome or be considered successful if the parent state is governed as a federation rather than a unitary state.
When we look at international law we can see that there is definitely a right of self-determination as defined in 2 covenants (the ICCPR and ICESCR). In both of these covenants in article 1 people “have the right of self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development”. We can then divide this right, there is the internal self-determination and the rights of the people in the state along with external self-determination which is where a claim directly affects the territory of a state. The Kimeshian case is a case of external self-determination driven by issues of internal self-determination.
Humans being desire to be the ones who decide what, when, where and how to do things, or it’s called the need for autonomy. Not to being mistaken as to be independent, the two researchers of self-determination, Edward L. Deci and Richard M Ryan clearly stated, autonomy means the “psychological
TO: Secretary of State FROM: Fnu Suolongfu SUBJECT: US position in Independence of Somaliland DATE: 10/08/2016 The proliferation of secessionist provinces and “states” is the most serious problem to the states and international bodies today. Somali is at present recognized as an independent and sovereign state in spite of over twenty years of collapse and repeated military and political involvements by other states and international bodies. However, “a slim slice of Somali-inhabited territory on the southern shore of the Gulf of Aden, declare its independence in 1991 and ticks almost all the boxes of statehood ( )”. It has a significant amount of population, territory and its own police force, currency and regulations. But In terms of the
Motivation is the force that makes us do things, whether accomplishing personal goals or completing tasks at work. Most people are motivated as a result of their individual needs being satisfied, which gives them the inspiration to perform specific behaviors for which they receive rewards (Kinicki & Williams, 2011). These needs vary from person to person, as everybody has specific needs to be satisfied. When we consider factors that determine the motivation of employees, many of us think of a high salary. This answer is correct for the reason that some employees will be motivated by money, but mostly wrong for the reason that it does not satisfy other needs to a lasting degree (Bizhelp24, 2010). This supports the idea that human
Do I have to? I don’t want to do the dishes. Sound familiar? People are motivated to engage in activities throughout life and in the workplace that fulfill their basic needs, and avoid activities that do not meet their needs. Research by Deci and Ryan (1985) supports the self- determination theory as a formal theory that defines intrinsic and varied extrinsic sources of motivation and a description of the respective roles of intrinsic and types of extrinsic motivation in cognitive and social development and in individual differences. Extrinsic motivators come in various forms, creating positive and some negative results when meeting individual basic psychological needs of autonomy, competence and relatedness.
Motivation is a very strong tool we can use to get further in life and to achieve our dreams and goals. Setting goals for ourselves is something that I consider to be very important, I believe in always pushing myself further and further in life, not only physically but mentally
Sovereignty is a norm of the International system upon which the ‘society of states’ rests. Territorial sovereignty refers specifically to the power of the state ‘the territorial limits within which state authority may be exercised on an exclusive basis.’ This essay will explore the concept and development of sovereignty within the system of states. Firstly, it will identify the state system before the ‘Peace of Westphalia’ in 1648, then it will compare the ever changing forms of sovereignty since, and the reasons for change, which have established the modern form of sovereignty which exists today.
In Self-Determination and Actualization of Human Potential Deci, Ryan, and Guay state it is human nature to strive for growth and "inner organization” and to become aware and mindful, or Full functioning. If people are able to use past experiences for future situations their functionality is already increasing leading toward personal development and the achievement of personal goals. When faced with a difficult situation, using past knowledge of personality types and how you interact with them can lead to a smoother experience this time around, using self-regulation to avoid conflict and attain a specific goal. Changing ways of interaction though is up to the individual which is why it is a concept of self actualization and regulation. Realizing you can change the way you interact is one thing, but it does not necessarily mean because you realize actions means you will seek change.
Maturation is especially important for individuals as it provides several competitive evolutionary advantages (Locke & Bogin, 2006). Through this process, individuals develop and acquire control over their emotions and behaviours. This ability to monitor and adapt our emotions, cognition and behaviours in accordance to the social and intellectual demands of particular contexts is often referred to as self-regulation (Demetriou, 2000; Zimmerman, 2000). Various complex cognitive skills are required for self-regulation. These skills encompass the constant observation of our thoughts and behaviours, knowledge of the demands of any situation, the capability to alter conditions of our current behaviour as required to achieve a goal or suit a situation and attention to how favourably the demands of a context are met (Evans & Rosenbaum, 2008).