The Theory Of Self Efficacy

1497 Words6 Pages
Social Learning Theory emphasises the principles of learning through the observation of others, this is where the concept of self efficacy is derived from. Defined by Bandura (1977), self efficacy is ‘the belief in ones capabilities to organise and execute the courses of action required to produce given attainments’. Simply put, self efficacy is how an individual perceives their control over their own ability to complete behaviours and reach goals set. The belief that a behaviour will lead to a particular outcome, known as outcome expectancies is important in determining behaviour, incorporating self efficacy and ones beliefs that they are capable of reaching goals.
At the present time there is a vast number of health related problems facing the current generation, possibly receiving the most media attention is the obesity epidemic, caused by lack of physical activity and unhealthy diets, vast evidence has been presented showing that self-efficacy is a reliable predictor of many health-related behaviours, including healthy eating, safer sexual behaviour and smoking (Luszczynska & Schwarzer, 2005). Self efficacy has been shown to be a reliable predictor of changes in many health-related behaviours (Luszczynska & Schwarzer, 2005), fortunately self efficacy can be changed, in turn influencing the behaviour. Due to self efficacy being highly situation dependent, i.e. a person could have high self efficacy in the view of their ability to stop smoking, while self efficacy towards
Get Access