The Theory Of Self Regulation Essay

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Maturation is especially important for individuals as it provides several competitive evolutionary advantages (Locke & Bogin, 2006). Through this process, individuals develop and acquire control over their emotions and behaviours. This ability to monitor and adapt our emotions, cognition and behaviours in accordance to the social and intellectual demands of particular contexts is often referred to as self-regulation (Demetriou, 2000; Zimmerman, 2000). Various complex cognitive skills are required for self-regulation. These skills encompass the constant observation of our thoughts and behaviours, knowledge of the demands of any situation, the capability to alter conditions of our current behaviour as required to achieve a goal or suit a situation and attention to how favourably the demands of a context are met (Evans & Rosenbaum, 2008). The cultivation of self-regulation has critical implications on a child’s functioning in social situations. Effortful control in self-regulation encourages positive relationships between child and caregivers as it affects the child’s capability to adhere to parental expectations (Kochanska, Coy, & Murray, 2001). High levels of effortful control have been found to be associated with fewer behavioural complications, lesser aggression and lower degree of psychopathology such as depression (Tangney, Baumeister, & Boone, 2004). It is related to increased degrees of empathy, social competencies, prosocial behaviours, conscience and positive
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