The Theory Of Social Class

1128 Words5 Pages
Another factor that affects identity is social class. The Marxism assumption is that socio-economic position is a fundamental element to shape identity. People are not individuals, but part of a class. The Marxist ideology is that of “false consciousness”, this meaning that some classes, the lower, working class, are not aware of the position they have to society. As a result, this is why they often work in jobs that are underpaid. Some Marxist theorists believe that class identity is procreated in culture. Pierre Bourdieu believed that class identities are related to cultural activities. One’s cultural preferences are constructed and differentiated by class. Madame Bovary is a good example for this, as she classifies different groups of people socially. Her, being from a lower class, yearning for luxury and wealth. Paris is a place where the upper (middle) class lives a comfortable life, and where she later has an affair with Lèon. Another factor influencing class identity is access to education, which is not equal across the classes. People from the upper classes will have no problem providing their children with an education. Whereas the working class might have difficulties, for example with sending their children to University. Another interesting aspect is the correlation between social classes and voting, as studies have shown that not always do people vote according to their social class. For example, some lower class or “working class” are found to vote for
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