The Theory Of Social Contract Theory

2326 Words Oct 19th, 2014 10 Pages
Social Contract
Brian Horvath
Cleveland State University
Business Society Government

The concept of social contract theory is that in the beginning man lived in the state of nature. They had no government and there was now law to regulate them. There are three main philosophers Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau that are best known for the social contract theory. In the twentieth century moral and political theory with John Rawls’ Kantian version of social contract theory and was then followed by David Gaunthier. Feminists and race conscious philosophers have argued that social contract theory is an incomplete picture of our moral and political lives. Thomas Hobbes political theory is best understood if you understand his theory of human motivation, and his theory of social contract founded on the State of Nature. Hobbes was greatly influenced by the Scientific Revolution with all its new discovers he sought to provide a theory of human nature that would parallel to the scientific discoveries. Hobbes was infamous for believing that “we ought to submit to the authority of an absolute—undivided and unlimited—sovereign power.”(Hobbes’s Moral and Political Philosophy, First published Tue Feb 12, 2002; substantive revision Tue Feb 25, 2014) His theory is that everything we do is motivated by our desire to better our own situations, and satisfy our own desires whenever it is possible. According to Hobbes the reason adults care for children is…

More about The Theory Of Social Contract Theory

Open Document