The Theory Of Social Psychology

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Social psychology seeks to identify and understand how society (i.e. family, community, sub groups, and peers, etc.) influences thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of the individual. Within the realm of social psychology, two prominent theorists emerge, Albert Bandura and Bernard Weiner. Both theorists have made great impacts within their fields, determining and describing cause and effect of social influences on the individual’s behaviors, but more importantly, how external contributors manifest into self- construct systems for motivation of cognition, behavior, and learning. With Bandura’s concepts of self-regulation / self-efficacy, and Weiner’s concept of attribution as driving mechanisms for motivation in individual cognition and…show more content…
Within his theory, Bandura defined four components: observational learning, self-regulation, self-efficacy, and reciprocal determinism for exhibiting behavior. Instead of simply functioning from a system of external stimulus as means for creating a desired, learned behavior, Bandura believed individuals learned through an interrelation system of observations, internalized meaning, through an interaction of personal and social reinforcements. “Social cognitive theory acknowledges the interrelationship between the individual, the environment, and behavior” (Grusec, 1992). Bandura also believes through self-regulation and self-efficacy motivation is for learning new information is defined.
Bernard Wiener is a social psychologist who is actively promoting his research on attribution of motivation and emotions theory. “Attribution investigates the perception of causality or the judgement of why a particular incident occurred” (Weiner, 1972). Wiener discerns attributions encourage and/or deter cognitive processes and learning. There are three stages of the attribution theory: observation, determination of behavior, and attributing to causes. Once an event or occurrence is observed, and behavior is exhibited, then an external or internal attribution is defined through two perspectives: self and other. Wiener suggests, using his mentor John Atkinson’s concept, that motivation is formulated and can be identified through attributions.
Components of Social Cognitive
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