The Theory Of Suicide And Suicide

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Since scientific evidence showed that suicide rates skyrocket progressively across all age: children and adolescent (McClure, 1994), Middle-age (Manton et al., 1987) and the elderly (Draper, 1996), studying suicide have become an important issue in sociology. Suicide is a complex issue which may combine several factors such as development factors, social factors, and culture factors (Goldsmith, 2002). However, Durkheim (1897) provided a classical model including four types of suicide: altruistic suicide, fatalistic suicide, egoistic suicide and anomic suicide based on simplistic way the strength of social network. Indeed, this method was scientific proven by other scholars (Bearman, 1991; Stack, 1994). Even though he made a big progress on typology of suicide, there are some limitations such as attempted suicide from women (Kushner and Sterk, 2005) and the homeless suicide (Fitzpatrick, 2007) and religious affiliation (Stack, 2013) have been raised. This essay will argue that the effectiveness of Durkheim’s method compared with recent studies is not effective to study suicide, as there are some limitations for applying Durkheim’s concept to investigate suicide behaviors. For example, Durkheim’s method is lack of supporting evidences from individual studies such as high rate suicides of the homeless or attempted suicides from women. Therefore, comparing to recent studies, it should be reformed by combing individual studies and group studies to get the full scope
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