The Theory Of The Gate Control Theory

1211 Words May 15th, 2015 5 Pages
Theory/Author Name and Background The Mid-Range Theory that is appropriate to my practice setting is the gate control theory. Ronald Melzack was a Canadian researcher and Patrick David Wall, a British neuroscientist presented this theory in 1965. Due to financial instability, Melzack was the only sibling to attend college. Melzack’s research advisor was conducting a study on dogs that have not been socially normal. Melzack gained interest in how to dogs responded to pain when they put their nose in a flame repeatedly. Today, Melzack is a psychologist and a researcher. He is also a professor at a university. After earning his doctorate, he began working with patients who suffered with phantom pain. Wall studied medicine at a university, where he gained interest in studying pain. He met Melzack at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and together, with the same interest wrote a paper on the gate control theory of pain (Wall, 1965, p. 472).

Theory Description
Melzack and Wall (1965) introduced the gate control theory. The gate control theory explains how pain is transferred and interfered. If the same physical stimulus is applied to two different people causing the same physical damage, due to each individual 's emotional being or support, mood or previous experiences with pain. This theory is significant because prior to its introduction, people would have thought the perception of pain depends on the amount of painful stimuli and the degree of damage caused to the…
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