The Theory Of The Scientific Method

998 WordsSep 1, 20144 Pages
“If we understand how researchers separate fact from fiction perhaps we too can avoid some of the pit falls of faulty reasoning and unwarranted conclusions in our everyday lives (Zimbardo, 2001).” I believe this is why scientists- including psychologists- think more logically rather than emotionally. They need and/or want proof of a 'phenomenon ' and so they go looking for that proof. Until they find an answer concerning that particular phenomenon, they will most likely not stop conducing experiments. This is how hypotheses are formed. Someone asks a question and then figures out the best way to get the answer to that question. It is a remarkable process. The part of that process that I will be talking about is the hypothesis. To put it simply, a hypothesis is an educated guess; better yet, it is a prediction. These predictions are drawn by logic and can be tested. Formulating a hypothesis is the second step in the scientific method. “If more and more hypotheses related to a theory turn out to be true, the theory gains in credibility (King, pg. 27).” After you have formed a hypotheses, you will need to test your predication. Depending on what the hypotheses is concerning, you could test it in a case study, survey, or even a laboratory experiment. I hypothesized that more men, rather than women, would say that having an affair was okay in certain circumstances. I told my participants that the only thing they were to consider an affair was sexual intercourse only. For

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