The Theory Of The 's Theory

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1. According to Kelly, our self is a collection of our personal constructs at a specific time. These constructs are tools that we use to anticipate and interpret our environment. Kelly disagreed with behaviorists that behavior is shaped solely by the environment, but Kelly also disagreed with the concept of phenomenology, which is that reality is only what people perceive it to be. Kelly argues with Personal Construct Theory that both reality and our interpretation of it are important, and he agreed with Adler that our interpretations are the more important of the two. However, Kelly took it one step further and claimed that time was also a factor. Essentially, the way we interpret our reality is affected by the dimension of time. The…show more content…
Next, the Five Factor Model argues that our self is composed of three central components, which are basic tendencies, characteristic adaptations, and self-concept. First, our basic tendencies such as: OCEAN, cognitive abilities, sexual orientation, etc. are long lasting stable personality components. They’re the building blocks of our personality. Second, we have characteristic adaptations. All skills that are acquired, like chemistry or driving, are characteristic adaptations. How quickly we learn these skills would be a basic tendency. The key difference between basic tendencies and characteristic adaptations is that the latter is flexible. They change according to our environment. Our basic tendencies direct the ways in which they will adapt. Lastly, we have our self-concept. According to the FFM, self-concept is a characteristic adaptation itself. Our self-concept is what gives us a sense of identity and purpose in life. Our feelings and beliefs that we have about ourselves influence the way in which we behave. The FFM argues that personality has a strong biological basis, but the environment does influence our personality to an extent through our characteristic adaptations. 2. The self can be defined as the “me” that is experiencing the world around them. Our schemas, self-concept, identity both personal and social are some of the parts that make up the unified self. These different components of the self were once thought to
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