The Theory Of Utilitarianism By John Stuart Mill

1659 Words7 Pages
The way people live their everyday lives can be very complicated to certain analysts. Yet. to others the decisions that a person will make is as simple as whether the resolution causes more pain or pleasure. This type of lifestyle decision making represents the theory of utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is a theory, in the simplest form of choosing pleasure over pain, established by Jeremy Bentham and further developed with other philosophers, most notably by John Stuart Mill. The use of utility obtains calculated values from multiple circumstances, ranging from the intensity to the extent of pain and pleasure that becomes involved within the decision. A large controversial topic involving utilitarianism is terminal illness and whether…show more content…
“To disprove the propriety of utility by arguments is impossible.” (Bentham, pg. 45A) A standard of what is right and what is wrong comes from utility. Even if humans think they are doing the right thing out of the goodness of their hearts, they are actually evaluating the overall pleasure and pain that will come with the decision and choose according to that, most of the times subconsciously. Individuals have motives to accomplish goals and these motives are just prime examples of the principle of utility and that it enforces this ideology, not to dispute the reasoning. With all of the impacts that come from utilitarianism, a way to formulate a conclusion is very plausible. “Pleasure and pains are the instruments he has to work with: it behooves him therefore to understand their force, which is again, in other words, their value.” (Bentham, pg. 47B) When calculating an action to see what path an individual should take, the overall pleasure faces off with the overall pain. The value of pleasure and pain has seven different factors that will impact decision making. The first four basic influences appear from the circumstances dealing with intensity, duration, certainty/uncertainty, and propinquity/remoteness. The next three factors are the fecundity (sameness), the purity (uniqueness), and the extent of a situation. The first four factors develop each by themselves, yet fecundity and purity are
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