The Theory X And Y Leadership Model

1302 Words6 Pages
For decades, social psychologists and management professionals have studied numerous approaches to successful leadership and the motivations behind them. A leadership style can be defined as a leaders characteristic behavior when directing, motivating, guiding, and managing groups of people (Cherry, 2006). In order to lead people more effectively, it is critical to understand the assumptions and influences of different leadership styles. Additionally, one must comprehend what motivates the team members involved and how their behaviors can drive a certain style of leadership. We will begin our analysis by discussing Theory X and Y and then look into three other styles: authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire. Lastly, we will decide which style is most often needed in today’s fast-paced world. Over 50 years ago, social psychologist Douglas McGregor developed the Theory X and Y leadership model, which has been further validated through modern research. According to McGregor, there are two fundamental approaches to managing people: (1) many managers lean toward Theory X and “generally get poor results, especially over the longer run,” and (2) enlightened managers mostly use Theory Y, which produces better performance and results while enabling people to develop and grow (Friesen, 2012). Theory X is a more authoritative and traditional style because it assumes workers dislike working and will avoid responsibility, must be controlled or forced to deliver what’s needed, and
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