The Theory and Practice of Motivational Interviewing

1905 WordsMay 10, 20128 Pages
Motivation is the driving force that some individuals need to move forward with goals of creating change. Motivational Interviewing (MI) in the group therapeutic context has a leader or therapist that aims to ascertain the underlying issues that may be maintaining a member’s behavior and blocking their motivation. The group therapy approach of Motivational Interviewing typically works well with homogenous groups that want to change some of the same types of behaviors. Alcoholics Anonymous is a group that MI is a great model to use. All of the individuals have a desire to change their behavior of not drinking alcohol. The uses of MI in groups are typically for individuals with the same types of issues, such as alcohol, drug addiction,…show more content…
After the client is sober and completes therapy, she/he they move into the maintenance stage. In the maintenance stage, they may only see their therapist far, and few between like once a month. Finally, the client relapses and goes back to their old way of drinking alcohol, at that point, the client would need to go back to the contemplation stage to see whether they should or could change the same behaviors. In general, it appears that the cycle of change in the context of MI can work well with both males and females as well as across cultural lines, whether the leader is male or female. Although the Trans-theoretical model is the cycle of change and places emphasis on the status of the client, MI also focuses on the conditions for creating change from the perspective of the therapist. The basic principles that the MI therapist must follow are to develop discrepancy, express empathy, avoid argument, roll with resistance, and support self-efficacy. Discrepancy deals with the therapist having an understanding of how close to reality the client may be, this is usually done by getting the client to see where they may have some inconsistency in their behavior. While there are inconsistencies with a client’s motivation to change along with their behavior the therapist must show understanding through empathy. The therapist should also not engage in arguments with the client as it is against what MI sets to accomplish. MI is
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