The Theory of Knowledge

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“That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow.”

We live in a strange and puzzling world. Despite the exponential growth of knowledge in the past century, we are faced by a baffling multitude of conflicting ideas. The mass of conflicting ideas causes the replacement of knowledge, as one that was previously believed to be true gets replace by new idea. This is accelerated by the rapid development of technology to allow new investigations into knowledge within the areas of human and natural sciences. Knowledge in the human sciences has been replaced for decades as new discoveries by the increased study of humans, and travel has caused the discarding of a vast array of theories. The development of
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By looking up at the sky at night Olber wondered why the sky is dark if the number of stars was infinite. Using his sense perception and reason, Olber was able to deduce that Newton’s model must have been wrong if the sky got dark at night.

On the contrary, as the natural sciences being largely based on the perceptions of our environment as well as reasoning, our perception can sometimes deceive us, but is also selective and can be distorted by our beliefs and prejudices. Olber’s observation of the night sky gave him the evidence that there were a finite number of stars, with only observation there is an uncertainty to the accuracy of the paradox and whether this was only true with the way Olber perceived it. Due to the possibility of assumptions in reasoning, for example, using inductive reasoning to explain the darkness of the sky everywhere, by assuming that because the sky is dark at night on Earth it must be so everywhere. However inductive reasoning is flawed as it assumes the observed to be the all the unobserved, and we are therefore making hasty generalisations on the basis of insufficient evidence. How can we know whether Olber’s paradox was not simply due to other unexplained phenomena in physics?

On the other hand, we cannot know whether Olber’s paradox was due to other unexplained phenomena of physics and must therefore require the development of knew knowledge to disprove it. The knowledge shown to be wrong by Olber however was

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