The Theory of Social Disorganization

701 Words Jan 30th, 2018 3 Pages
Social disorganization normally alludes to a group or society described by the absence of social control. This brings about an absence of an effective functioning integration between personal maladjustment, conflicting social attitudes, and conflicting interests among group members (Goode, 2008).
Criminologists and social researchers focus on the factors that make individuals deviate from groups and society norms relating their criminal conduct. This is because sociologists have advanced theories of social structures in an effort to connection social disorganization and behavior patterns. Stemming from the social structure theory is the popular social disorganization theory, which "contends that a crime happens when the systems of social groups are deliberately weakened. The theory of social disorganization was pioneered Henry W. McKay and Clifford X. Shaw. The two, in their theory, suggest that disorganized groups and communities featured by ethnic heterogeneity, poverty, and residential mobility weaken group stability (Thornberry, 2004).
At its center, the theory of social disorganization concentrates on the impacts of location characteristics as they connect to crime. A society or group that lacks organization fails to offer the fundamental group controls and are unable to deliver vital services. Consequently, the…