The Three Major Schools Of Philosophy

889 Words Jul 10th, 2015 4 Pages
1. Describe in your own words the three major schools of philosophy in Hinduism.
The three major schools of philosophy in Hinduism are Vedanta, Sankhya, and Yoga. In this way, “the path of knowledge” is experienced. Jnana Marga “is knowledge of a very special sort, amounting to extraordinary insight that is far beyond merely knowing about the subject matter” (Brodd 54). This practice of Vedanta is representative of the monism of Hinduism. This means that “(a)ll reality is essentially one…” (Brodd 55). This can be a difficult idea to understand because Vedanta impresses the notion that the “persistent sense of individuality” prevents us from actually experiencing the truth (Brodd 55). The example of a drop of water is used to explain this concept best. It can be thought that a drop of water is separate from the vast ocean but once this small drop of water is contained in the ocean, there is no way to distinguish it from the other drops of water. Likewise, we have an illusion of separate identity but are one. The ultimate goal is to experience this truth and then the path of knowledge will have been fully met; this is known as Brahman. That which is distracting and serves as the illusion is called Maya.
Next, Sankhya differs from Vedanta because it asserts that reality is composed of two distinct categories: “matter, and an infinite number of eternal selves” (Brodd 56). Somehow, the multitudes of selves become tangled with matter and when this occurs they are…
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