The Three Perspective Of Organizational Theory By Dwight Waldo

731 Words3 Pages
"Organization theory is characterized by vogues, heterogeneity, claims and counterclaims" by Dwight Waldo in 1978.
There are different interpretations of the organization theory, but this is more often seen in three perspectives that can complement or compete. Firstly, modernism which includes ontology, epistemology and technology and whose primary purpose is to improve the workers’ productivity as well as their efficiency in order to bring back the most benefit to the company while improving workers’ conditions.
In addition, many researchers have developed modern-day theories such as, for example, Henri Ford's assembly-line work or Max Weber's theory of bureaucracy. Then, Symbolic interpretive perspectives are largely different from modernist theory, especially in the organizational culture that differs in the way of directing, evolving and transforming an organization. Indeed, this theory sees companies much more like a community of people with connections and affinities, the symbolic interpretive focuses on the “ideal employee”. To finish,
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This movement, led by Mayo (1945) and Dickson (1939), developed in the 1930s as a result of experiments at a Western Electric Company factory (the so-called "Hawthorne" experiments), with several lines related to concern: the study of the working of the working groups, that of the informal phenomena in the organizations, the question of the styles of supervision. Overall, the human relations movement highlights the importance of the human factor in organizations and the need to take into account the social and esteem needs of individuals to increase productivity. He advocates for a participative management style. Its limitations stem from an incomplete vision of the needs and behaviors of individuals, a certain naivety in the interpretation of conflicts and the advocacy of management practices that can degenerate into

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