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The Tiananmen Square Massacre

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b. Tiananmen Square Massacre (June 4, 1989) Commonly known as the June Forth Incident (六四事件) or the ’89 Democracy Movement (八九民运), the Tiananmen Square protests lead by students, was a bad memory for the protesters in China back in 1989. Student protesters in Tiananmen Square, Beijing were brutally restrained by the Chinese military eight years before the handover of Hong Kong to China. “Chinese troops violently retook the square in Beijing where pro-democracy protesters had set up camp for weeks. The Tiananmen Square massacre left an unknown number dead, with some estimates in the thousands, and smothered a democratic movement.” (Rayman, 2014) CNN report (2015) had stated, “Several hundred civilians have been shot dead by the Chinese…show more content…
“But as its citizenry awoke on July 1, 1997, there was no outward appearance of change — apart from the unnerving lines of People's Liberation Army (PLA) troop vehicles moving through the streets to take over security responsibilities for the former British outpost. They have remained in barracks.” (Connors, 2015)

d. Anti-subversion Act Mothballed (July 1, 2003) “Six years after the handover, half a million marchers questioned if the mantra, 'one country two systems' was going to last 50 years. The cause of the fear was anti-subversion law Article 23 and its possible enactment in the Basic Law, prohibiting "any act of treason, secession, sedition, or subversion against the Central People's Government, or theft of state secrets". It called for the banning of groups outlawed in mainland China on national security grounds and gave police wide search and seizure powers without a court order. By early September, the much maligned secretary for security, Regina Ip, was dumped, and chief executive Tung Chee-hwa was forced to postpone the introduction of the bill indefinitely.” (Connors,
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