The Tiger : A Predator Of The Biological Family Of Cats

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A tiger – is a predator of the biological family of cats. One of the largest predators, the tiger is inferior in size only to bear – a white and a brown bear. Out of the nine subspecies of tigers known to humankind only six survived: Amur (Siberian) tiger, Bengal tiger, Malayan tiger, Sumatran tiger, Indochinese and South China tiger (Tilson and Nyhus, 2010, p.37). As for the Javan, Bali and Caspian tigers – these subspecies were exterminated by man. Bengal tigers constitute the majority of the total number of tigers, the total number of which is between 4,000 and 6,500 individuals. The share of Bengal tigers reaches 40% of their general population. As of 2011, according to Alexander, number of tigers “dispersed among Asia 's 13 tiger countries” is considered to be “at fewer than 4,000 animals” or even hundreds less than that (“A Cry for the Tiger”, 2011). In the past century, the tiger was put under protection by legal documents of many countries. Tigers are also brought in the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature as Endangered species (Chundawat et al., “Panthera tigris”, 2014). Bans on the hunting on tigers worldwide is implemented every year in countries where tigers occur, however there are no absolutely efficient measures that would stop poachers. Studies of world scientists proved that the center of origin of the species of tigers was East Asia. This conclusion was made after a study of fossils of the animal. The most ancient remains of

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