The Time Before The First Millennium

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The time before the traditional Renaissance has long been described as a period of stagnation, violence and irrationality. Yet, as more information emerges about this time period, we find that it is not so. While the time before the first millennium was arguably adequately termed the Dark Ages, the 12th century marked a great period of improvement in thought, architecture, literature and many other facets of society. In order for the Renaissance of the 12th century to occur, problems that persisted through the Dark Ages had to be resolved to promote all of these growths. These problems include decentralization of government, lack of a stable food supply and numerous invasions. Perhaps the greatest obstacle to the growth seen in the 12th century was decentralization of government. Under states of disorder and chaos, like the time after the fifth century, culture has the tendency to stagnate and uneasiness sweeps over the people. The monarchs around this time had difficulty holding supremacy over their kingdoms and held little control over the nobility (especially when compared to times like the 15th century). This was a major obstacle to growth of kingdoms and had to be overcome before the growth of the 12th century could be realized. After the fall of the Roman Empire in the fifth century and the preceding weakening of the empire, provinces previously dominated by the Romans fell apart into chaos when the Roman soldiers who were enforcing order left to defend Rome against
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