The Title X Family Planning Program

1143 WordsApr 16, 20165 Pages
The Title X Family Planning program was enacted in 1970 as Title X of the Public Health Service Act (Public Law 91-572 Population Research and Voluntary Family Planning Programs). Title X is the only federal grant program dedicated solely to providing individuals with comprehensive family planning and related preventive health services. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Population Affairs (OPA) oversees the Title X program (U.S. Department of Human Services, 2014). Services are provided through state, county, and local health departments; community health centers; Planned Parenthood centers; and hospital-based, school-based, faith-based, other private nonprofits (Fowler, Lloyd, Gale, Wang & McClure, 2012). In…show more content…
This mandatory benefit is provided at an enhanced matching rate to states, with the federal government paying 90% of the cost for family planning services and supplies. Although states can require Medicaid managed care enrollees to obtain health care from certain providers, federal law makes an exception for family planning services and supplies in most cases, meaning most Medicaid managed care enrollees can receive family planning services from any provider, even if their provider of choice is outside of their managed care network (National Family Planning, 2014). Medicaid is a mandatory spending program, meaning that Medicaid funding does not need to be approved by Congress annually nor is there an annual cap on how much federal money can be spent on Medicaid in a given year, as opposed to discretionary spending programs like the Title X family planning program. Rather, Medicaid is a state/federal partnership, in which states pay providers or managed care organizations and the federal government “matches” state dollars spent (National Family Planning, 2014). Medicaid is key to helping low-income women gain access to the preventive services recommended for all women. In 2013, just over half of uninsured women reported having had a Pap test, compared with three-fourths of women with private insurance (Medicaid.gov, 2015). Affordable Care Act On March 23, 2010, President
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