The Tiwi Peoples Of Australia

875 WordsNov 3, 20154 Pages
Holism is a perspective in anthropology which is the philosophy that functional systems, like body or a country, cannot be understood by looking just at the individual pieces but rather by comparing each individual piece to another and the whole. This writing will discuss the Tiwi peoples of Australia, on how their traditional beliefs and economy influence the marriage system and politics, and vice versa. In addition, how the modern life of the Tiwi has undergone changes in relation to these matters will be provided as evidence to support the discussion. The Tiwi with population of about 2000 are located on Melville and Bathurst islands of Australia. Their environment is heavily forested, characterized largely by mangrove forests. Games including wallabies, opossums, bandicoots, geese, snakes, lizards, turtles, and fruit bats are abundant in the area. In the past, only younger men hunted and fished while women gathered edible plants, fruits, and vegetables that make up the bulk of the daily food supply. Although there was no problem in securing food in the Tiwi environment, it was a challenging task as it demanded many hands. Tiwi was a matrilineal society in which a clan was a group whose members reckoned their common descent from a group of unborn spirit beings living in or near a body of water. Their traditional belief system explained pregnancy as occurring when a man finds one of these unborn spirits of the same clan origin as his wife and sends it to her. Therefore, it
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