The Toronto Anti Violence Intervention Strategy

1564 WordsDec 7, 20157 Pages
This basis of legitimacy is partly due to shared factors contextualized by authorities and institutions that play a critical role in identifying risk factors linked to youth offending. Part of this involves linking violence, with sociological constructs (e.g., personality characteristics, neighbourhood characteristics, immigrant concentration). For instance, Papachristos, Meares, & Fagan (2012) propose that young people from neighborhoods saturated with criminal associates and opportunities for gang-related activities and drug trafficking, more likely to become young offenders. The perceived legitimacy of the risk factors, in turn, increases public compliance with legal authorities—the belief that behavior of young people needs to come into line with societal norms, values, and rules. As a consequence, police supported by the public, legitimately use heir authority to indiscriminately target civilians to fight crime and disorder in the community. From the perspective of police, the Toronto Anti-Violence Intervention Strategy (TAVIS) is the most distinguished policing operation targeting priority neighbourhoods that indicate an acute escalation in violence. However, these types of police strategies have not been without controversy. There has been a growing criticism directed toward TAVIS for allegedly engaging in racial profiling in city’s low-income neighbourhoods. This criticism includes concerns that young black males are harassed and criminalized by the police and are

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