The Toronto Transit System And Municipal Transit Agency

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Over the past several years, Toronto has struggled to find new dedicated streams of revenue to fund its regional transit system, all while Metrolinx, the provincial transit agency is developing the province’s “Big Move” plan in hopes of connecting the Greater Toronto and
Hamilton Area transportation system. The province stopped funding the TTC’s operating funds in 1996 and since then, the City of Toronto has relied on a subsidy from the city and fares to balance this. Later in 2006, Metrolinx was created by the Province of Ontario as the first
Regional Transportation Agency for the GTHA and in 2016, “Move the GTHA” reveals a $30 billion funding gap which begs the questions of who should fund the regional transit system and by what mechanisms? It is very hard for a city as large as Toronto to keep up with its funding for regional transit without much efforts from the provincial or federal government. The Toronto Transit
Commission (TTC) is falling behind on a massive deficit when funding its Operating Budget.
Only two thirds of the TTC’s Operating Budget are covered by fares. These fares “generate about $1.1 billion of the TTC’s $1.6 billion operating budget. The rest primarily comes from a city subsidy, which is $428 million, up from $411 million in 2013” according to Jennifer Palisoc
(Palisoc, 2014). With the continuous struggle of efforts to get Toronto’s transit system back up on its feet again, the Province of Ontario created Metrolinx; an organization
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