The Trafficking And Forms Of Human Trafficking Essay

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2.1.2 The concept of Human Trafficking and forms of Human Trafficking
Human trafficking is a complex phenomenon hence difficult to conceptualize (Maclnnis, 2012). Scholars, nations and international organizations have individually or collectively tried to define human trafficking and, not surprisingly, they disagree with one another. United States (US) for instance does not consider organ trade as human trafficking whereas the United Nations (UN) and Canada do (United States Department of State 2010; United Nations 2012). According to Malawi Human Trafficking Act (2015), trafficking in persons means: recruiting, transportation, transferring, harbouring, receiving or obtaining a person within or outside the territory of Malawi through the use of threat or use of force or coercion, abduction, fraud or deception or abuse of power or position, vulnerability, legal processes or giving or receiving payments to obtain consent of a person having control of the trafficked person for the purpose of exploitation of the person.

The United Nations under the Palermo Protocol tried to make an internationally agreed definition which talked about three key elements relating to intent and consent as follows:
‘Trafficking in persons’’ shall mean the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the
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