Over the past several years, human trafficking has become a sizable world-wide problem. Human Trafficking has had a considerable affect on the World and United States. To combat this, several laws and initiatives have been enacted. While this allows for some headway in combating this problem, there are still several things that we can do to help. This review of literature on Human Trafficking focuses on these areas and provides the information on the steps that can help combat this epidemic.
Each year about 17,500 individuals are brought into the United States and become victims of human trafficking. Every country has this problem and it has become the 3rd largest illegal industry worldwide.
Imagine being taken from the comfort of your house and family. Then envision that you are forced to either inject or ingest as drugs to give sexual pleasure to one person while the other reaps financial benefits. You are experiencing such atrocity at the same moment in which your loved ones are mourn your loss. Eventually, you are unrecognizable and affected by traumatizing experiences. The effects that you frequently feel are numb and now you are suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder. This is the reality that many endure on daily basis. It is caused by the constant practice of human trafficking.
(Attention catcher)What if somebody came into your life and guaranteed a better lifestyle, but instead you were enslaved into human trafficking? Human trafficking is when a person is abducted from their current situation and mostly likely used for sex slavery. Furthermore, did you know human trafficking increased over the years? (Listener relevance) Although you may not be as aware in your comfortable surroundings, you should always be aware of suspicious vehicles and people. Even though we enjoy the freedom of walking around carelessly, our behavior can lead to becoming exploited by traffickers. Victims of trafficking are forced into sexual slavery. (Speaker credibility) In order to understand the seriousness of this issue, we decided to do more research. (Thesis) According to the National Human Trafficking Resource Center from 2012 to present, human trafficking has gone from 2,404 to 3,107 victims. (Preview main points) Throughout this speech, you’ll understand the difference between prostitution and human trafficking, the history behind human trafficking, and the overall process of human trafficking.
Images of foreign lands usually conjure up when the thoughts of human sex trafficking come to one 's mind. The United States of America is not immune to this type of horrific behavior. America is the land of the free and yet something as awful as human sex trafficking occurs in our very own backyard each and everyday. According to the Department of Homeland Security the definition of human trafficking is “modern day slavery that involves the use of force, fraud, or coercion to obtain some type of labor or commercial sex act” (“What Is Human Trafficking?”). In this research paper the reader will experience the savagery that comes with human sex trafficking and how it has expanded in the United States over recent years. Within this research
Human trafficking is the modernized version of slavery that involves force, fraud, and/or a type of labor in a sexual act. The United States government defines it to be “In which a sex act is forced in which the person induced has not yet been attained eighteen years of age” (National Institute of Justice). Human trafficking is a threat to all nations and promotes breakdown of families and can support organized crime. Trafficking can occur everywhere. Human trafficking and human smuggling are related to one another, but different crimes. The difference between smuggling and trafficking is that smuggling is the illegal movement of someone across a border while trafficking is the illegal exploitation of a person.
Human trafficking is a complex phenomenon hence difficult to conceptualize (Maclnnis, 2012). Scholars, nations and international organizations have individually or collectively tried to define human trafficking and, not surprisingly, they disagree with one another. United States (US) for instance does not consider organ trade as human trafficking whereas the United Nations (UN) and Canada do (United States Department of State 2010; United Nations 2012). According to Malawi Human Trafficking Act (2015), trafficking in persons means:
The U.S. Department of State reported there’s an estimate of 20.9 million victims of human trafficking. Human trafficking is many occurrences that happen unnoticed anywhere, anytime causing undescribed and inhuman events to the victims. Victims of human trafficking are unable to escape from the life of being raped, beaten, and violated constantly; however, with the support of the government and people around the world, we can help stop it.
A challenge that I took interest in is the horrifying problem that women and young girls face as victims of human trafficking and sex slavery. Women and young girls make up 98% of victims of trafficking for exploitation. Human trafficking and sex slavery is a form of modern slavery, in which traffickers profit from the control and exploitation of others. It is a multi-billion industry. Traffickers use control of others for the purpose of engaging in sexual activities and or forcing others to provide labor services against their will. Traffickers use many manipulative tactics to trap their victims in horrific situations such as using violence, threats, deception, and bondage.
Human trafficking is a serious issue occurring internationally. According to the organization Allies Against Slavery, 30,000 women, men, and children
Human trafficking, also known as the modern-day form of slavery is a global problem, a national problem, a state problem, and a local problem. Research findings revealed that one of the major challenges faced in fighting human trafficking is lack of awareness and education among the public (Johnstone, 2018). Most often, trafficking is underreported due to its nature, definitional differences or variations, and misconceptions held by the public. Often people in the United States believe human trafficking is a problem in undeveloped countries, sorry to say that is not the case.
The sex trafficking trade has been largely acquainted with countries in Europe and South America of the years. Nonetheless, this epidemic in reality has been in the United States for some time. The United States has become tolerable because of the amount of money the sex business industry brings in annually. The youths trapped in prostitution, brothel, massage services has been on the upsurge due to a lack of assistance. Lack of acknowledgment by the government and the media has been astounding. To comprehend how to combat the issue one must be aware there has been a problem occurring. Therefore it would be essential to provide the necessary statistics for individuals to know which youths are targets by their vulnerability. The types of
Most girls who work in the human trafficking industry tend to lack proper medical attention and resources to fully survive. But that is not surprising considering the main aspect of the trade is to break young girls minds. Although as severe as the situation may be, most victims of the trafficking world are not just used in means of sex. Some are sold as nannies and servants and from my personal experience I have seen girls in Bangladesh and India work under the age of 20, some as young as 13 or 14. With the continuation of the trade, it hampers their mental and physical growing process, underrage marriage of girls as young as eight to ten to men much older, and the current rate of the industry could grow two to three times more in the next
Illegal organ trafficking has become a large problem all over the world. The traffickers are commonly attacking the poor and promising them money but it never ends up being the correct amount. Commonly doctors and pharmaceutical companies overlook the illegal trade of the organs because they receiving money from the transplants. Organ trafficking takes place in three broad categories. The first one is organ traffickers will force or trick the individual into giving up an organ. Secondly the victim formally or informally agrees to sell the kidney and never receives the money for it or is promised a certain amount and receives a lot less. Lastly people are treated for a illness in which they do not know if their organs are being or not being removed (Trafficking for Organ Trade, 2014).
Organ trafficking is a vicious cycle in which the ideals of cultures are mixed in as well as the economic technicalities of the crime mix in. It can be defined as “the phenomenon when a third party recruits, transports, transfers, harbors, or receives a person, using threats (or use) of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, or abuse of authority or a position of vulnerability for the purpose of removing that person’s organs” (Cho 3). The trade of organs obtained with or without the owner’s consent has occurred for decades now and it’s impossible to pin point the exact moment in which it began. Organ trafficking is a result of a shortage of organs from transplants and an increase a people willing to sell their organs as a result of poverty. In addition, both children and adults are victims of organ trafficking. Those who have their organs unwillingly removed and sold are likely to also be victims of human trafficking. Many of these people are lured in with promises of a “better life” or monetary gain, more often than not these are empty promises that result in dangerous situations.