The Tragedy of Andres Bonifacio

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The Tragedy Of Andres Bonifacio

Philippine Daily Inquirer

November 27, 2005

Isagani A. Cruz

Let me express these non-historian's thoughts about a patriot of our land whose birth anniversary we shall celebrate this coming Wednesday. It is an official holiday declared by law in his honor as Bonifacio Day.

Andres Bonifacio was the unknown indio who organized and led the Katipunan that was to ignite the Philippine Revolution of 1896 and ultimately free this country from Spanish rule after more than three centuries of oppression. That enslavement might have continued indefinitely (probably up to now, considering the tribulation we patiently endured during the ordeal of martial law), if he had not chosen to defy the alien tyrant in his
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It was unceremoniously carried out on May 10, 1897, and Andres Bonifacio died, like Rizal and in his own words, "without seeing the dawn."

When the United States took over our country while our forebears were still savoring that elusive dawn, the new rulers had to choose for our national hero between Jose Rizal and Andres Bonifacio. They opted for Rizal as the man of peace in preference to Bonifacio whose tempestuous nature might start another revolution, this time against them.

It was a wise choice for there is no denying the magnificent role Rizal played in the winning of our freedom. But his selection did not diminish the greatness of Andres Bonifacio, who stands equally tall with him among the heroes of our race.

The Supremo Lives
Philippine Daily Inquirer
November 21, 2005
Manuel L. Quezon III

FROM THE TRANSCRIPT OF THE TRIAL OF Andres Bonifacio (as translated by Virginia Palma-Bonifacio, 1963), we read:

"In the municipality of Maragondn on this 4th day of May, 1897, before the investigating officer appeared the person of Andrs Bonifacio, 33 years old, married and a native of Tondo, Manila, with occupation as President of the Revolution and head of the Katipunan. In the course of the investigation he was asked if he knew of the existence of a revolutionary government in this province to which he answered that he did not know...

"Asked whether he was in that meeting at

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