The Trait Based Perspective For Situational Variance

1541 Words Nov 22nd, 2015 7 Pages
Zaccaro (2007) suggested that the trait-based perspective needed to account for situational variance. History revealed a shift in approach to conducting research studies, which included empirical study designs and complex populations. The advent of empirical research began to challenge the trait-based paradigm. Empirical research approaches suggested leadership is a dynamic process, which will vary based on the situation (Johns & Moser, 2015). Research began to look past singular traits and consider how certain behaviors can predict the effectiveness of a leader. This led to a shift from a trait-based paradigm to a behavioral paradigm. The behavioral paradigm was reviewed in Stogdill’s (1948) work when he introduced task competence as being associated with an effective leader (Derue et. al, 2001). Bass (2008) described competence as having the capability that an individual brings to a situation While the behavioral paradigm severed for the basis of a new leadership theory, meta-analytic studies revealed that the behaviors of leaders are important for predicting leadership effectiveness (Derue et. al, 2001). In contrast, Zaccaro (2007) stated that while a situation is important in explaining variance in leadership behavior, it might not be as important when differentiating between leaders and followers. The relative stability or malleability to a specific situation may differ over time and between different leadership traits (Zaccaro, 2007). Hoffman,…
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