The Transformation Of The Roman State

1858 WordsMar 16, 20178 Pages
Rome was, and still is, the most powerful empire/state that has ever existed in the history of mankind, spanning for over a thousand years; however, what was most impressive about the Roman State was its ability to bounce back from devastating losses and problems within its government. When a state lasts for over a thousand years, its government will transform over time, taking many shapes and forms; however, when most civilizations face this transformation upon their government, they eventually collapse. This is what separated the Roman state, since their Republic collapsed between the years of 0 - 100 B.C, (the exact date is debated since many historians believe different points as being the fall of the Roman Republic), but the Roman…show more content…
These rebellions and large taxes played a large role in the civil wars and Augustus’ financial reforms that will be discussed later. This large amount of control that the rich had over the Roman state created more of a separation between them and the poor. This unequal wealth gap between the rich and poor created a sense of mistrust among the citizens of Rome (BBC). Leaders tried to get the factions of Rome to turn against each other in hopes of gaining popularity and support in elections. This idea of using the people to gain power was one of the first steps that led to the fall of the Roman Republic. Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus was a tribune that had the idea of distributing land from the rich to the poor individuals of Rome; however, instead of consulting with the senate first, he took his idea directly to the people, and thus winning over the people’s support (BBC). This act heavily angered his fellow leaders and when he tried for reelection as a tribune, he was murdered by his fellow senators. The murder of Gracchus led to a lot of tension within the senate and is considered by many historians as being the first reason/instance that would lead to the fall of the Republic. The fall of the Republic was definitely not smooth and was highlighted by a lot of tension and conflict, specifically between
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