The Treatment Of Blood Transfusion

864 WordsMar 25, 20164 Pages
Blood transfusion has been performed for centuries after the three blood types were discovered. However, only in 1907 the first fairly safe blood transfusion happened after the fourth type of blood was discovered by Dr. Reuben Ottenberg of Mount Sinai Hospital in New York. Researcher in Brussels and Bueno Aires found that Sodium Citrate prevents blood clotting (Levy, 2015), which made possible to store blood for future transfusions. In 1941 the American Red Cross established the blood donor service for the US Military. The AIDS epidemic in late 80 's was a huge disaster for blood transfusion where patients contracted AIDS. Furthermore, surveillance programs were developed to monitor infections transmitted by blood, primarily Hepatitis and HIV. Regardless of advances technology recently, blood transfusions are not risk free and are expensive - one unit can cost $522-1183. Then, they must not be ordered routinely. Transfusions are under approved practices, such as, red blood cell transfusions are ordered to treat anemia, red blood cells and cryoprecipitate transfusions are commonly given to trauma patients or critically ill. Today, the most number of transfusion infections is caused by hepatitis B causing liver infections. The risk of Hepatitis B and C as well as HIV requires rigorous screening especially in underdeveloped counties, for instance Nigeria. In the US, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) controls the conduct of transfusion services. Additionally, the
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