The Treatment Of Cancer And Cancer

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Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Cancer can be classified as a typed of disease that causes an overgrowth of cells (1). The cancer cells begin to divide at an abnormal rate which can cause lumps or tumors. This disease is very widespread and includes over 100 different types. Some of the most common types of cancer include, Breast Cancer, Leukemia, Prostate Cancer, and Melanoma (2). Because this disease is so widespread and one of the leading causes of death, researchers are working hard to develop ways to prevent and treat cancer. Over the years, many of these treatments have shown great potential for a cure to cancer. One of these that is gaining more advancements every year is the treatment of cancer using Immunotherapy. Immunotherapy is the use of a person’s immune system in order to fight cancer. By taking what they know about how the immune system works scientists have discovered many ways to treat cancer with immunotherapy. Some of the current treatments of caner using immunotherapy include, antibody therapy, cell mediated immunotherapy, and cytokine immunotherapy. Antibody therapy is a widely researched area of immunotherapy. According to Encyclopedia Britannica, antibodies are “a protective protein produced by the immune system in response to the presence of a foreign substance, called an antigen. Antibodies recognize and latch onto antigens in order to remove them from the body” (4). Antibody therapy dates back to around 200 BC, where they

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