The Treatment Of Children And Adolescents With Complex Trauma

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The treatment of children and adolescents with Complex Trauma Jeffery D. Thomas PSY 679 Psychology of Trauma National University, Fresno, CA Kathy Hayden, LMFT In this paper I will discuss complex trauma (CT) in children and adolescents. I will distinguish the difference between CT and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). I will also discuss assessment some of the current treatment models for CT for children and adolescents. First I will define PTSD. PTSD is a psychiatric diagnosis found in the DSM 5. It can be attributed to those who have been affected by a traumatizing event. The person affected by the event will display symptoms as described by the DSM 5 for a period longer than one month (APA, 2013). These symptoms may include some of the following: • re-experiencing the traumatic event through flashbacks, intrusive memories, and nightmares (APA, 2013). • The person may display efforts to avoid things or places that remind them of the event (APA, 2013). • The person may display emotional numbing, dissociation, or low mood as a result of the event (APA, 2013). The individual suffering with PTSD may complain of not being able to sleep, loss of memory, having disturbing nightmares, having flashbacks of the event, being more irritable, having trouble controlling their anger or fear (APA, 2013). Next, I will discuss CT and how it differs from PTSD. There is more to CT than what is delineated by the symptoms of PTSD. There are relational
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