The Treatment Of Speech And Communication Disorders

995 WordsMay 2, 20174 Pages
ntroduction Have you ever been seen by a therapist due to an injury or simply for recovery? Therapy is defined as treatment projected to heal a certain disorder. Within this field, there are various types of therapy. For example, speech, physical, and occupational therapy. Speech therapy includes the treatment of speech and communication disorders. While physical therapy focuses on the use of exercises and equipment to help patients regain or improve their physical abilities, occupational therapy aids patients of all ages to perform tasks through the therapeutic use of daily activities. More specifically, when a patient comes in for occupational therapy treatment, the service includes an initial individualized evaluation, followed by a…show more content…
Because of these processing difficulties, the core treatment program is sensory integration. Sensory Integration Therapy (SIT), a form of occupational therapy, uses exercises to strengthen the patients’ ability to sense touch, balance, and a sense of where the body is in relation to objects in space (MedicineNet, 2017). It is important that SIT is performed by a licensed occupational therapist in a structured, repetitive manner. This is because repetitive activities will aid the child’s nervous system to respond in a more organized way to sensations and movement. This type of therapy, within occupational therapy, can be used to treat patients that are overly sensitive or under reactive to touch, movement, sights, or sounds, unusually high or low activity levels, poor attention span, and poor body awareness. Types of sensory integration therapy include deep pressure, vestibular, noise, and visual techniques. For example, if a child is struggling with stability, the occupational therapist could use a swing as a form of SIT to improve their balance. Likewise, a patient who has difficulty visualizing might be prescribed SIT in the form of lights and moving objects. Although sensory integration therapy is primarily used by pediatric occupational therapists, some children with sensory issues grow up
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