The Treaty Of Berlin Conference Essay

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From the mid 1400s to the mid 1700s, Europe established many trade ports in Africa, but no colonization actually took place, and the few colonies that did exist were along the coastline. In the last half of the 19th century, this all began to change. European countries began to invade Africa’s interior. By 1870, about 10% of Africa was under European control, and in just 20 short years, this number grew to almost 90%. Every European country wanted a “slice” of Africa, and this became known as the “scramble for Africa.” To avoid war between the European countries, The Berlin Conference was held from 1884-1885. This allowed the Europeans to carve Africa into colonies. As a direct result of this, the political and economic ways of Africa were drastically changed for many years to come.
During The Berlin Conference, the Treaty of Berlin was drafted. This document laid out the ground work for how Africa would be divided among Europe. The conference lasted until February 26, 1885 – this was a time when the great powers of most of Western Europe argued over setting the boundaries for how they should divide Africa . Over fourteen countries were represented when the conference began on November 15, 1884, and by the end, Africa was divided into about fifty countries . Otto von Bismark, chancellor of the German Empire, was in charge of settling the subdivision of Africa between the European countries . His main goal was to “…not only to expand German spheres of influence in Africa
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