The Treaty Of Versailles Ended World War

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Introduction The Treaty of Versailles ended World War I on 28 June 1919. Part of the treaty required Germany to recognize the independence of Poland. However, the treaty did not do enough to prevent Germany from gaining power again. The treaty broke up the Austria-Hungary regime and pushed Russia back to the east. Germany was now the only dominant power in Eastern Europe.

The German’s did not react well to the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Most notably, they were upset about the War Guilt Clause, which morally blamed them for the entirety of the war. In addition, their Navy began dismantling and only allowed to retain 36 total ships with no more than 1500 officers. The German Army would be limited to an all-volunteer force of no more than 100,000 and banned from tanks, aircraft, and artillery. They began payments of reparations, which severely disrupted their economy. From 1919-1923 the Germans endured a period of instability and hyperinflation.
They managed to recover beginning in 1924. Germany entered back into the international community via the Locarno Treaties (1925) and entry into the League of Nations (1926). Furthermore, via the Dawes (1924) and Young (1929) Plans reparations made more manageable and reduced. Not everyone in Germany was happy with the pace of change but aspects of the Versailles Treaty were diminishing.
In 1933, the President of Germany named Adolf Hitler as Chancellor of Germany and Hitler quickly moved to take full
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