The Trombone History

2105 Words Oct 28th, 2011 9 Pages
The Trombone

The trombone in itself has been around for over 600 years. Trombones were introduced to the orchestra in the 18th century. Trombones were found in churches during this time because they were known for their vocal support. This tradition of using trombones in a church setting continued well into the mid-19th century. Fanny Mendelsson-Hensel’s Oratorio is an example of the trombone use, used in the early years of the trombone. During the mid-19th century, bell-size became wider as a larger, louder sound was introduced for the performance in bands. This was also used to generate louder volume in the orchestra. By the mid-19th century the role of the trombone in band and classical music was in place. It was not until the
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This style of jazz was important because it was unlike any other jazz, this jazz was not for dancers, as the others had been, this jazz was for listeners. The typical size of a jazz group was small which allowed the jazz musicians to improvise more. The first bebop trombonist was Bennie Green. Bennie got his start in the swing era big bands such as the Earl Hines Orchestra. Green’s soloing kept the swing style phrasing, but he added in the bebop harmonic rhythm. However, the most important figure in modern jazz trombone was J.J. Johnson. Johnson also got his start by playing in swing band, such as the Count Basie Orchestra. Johnson completely avoided the glissandi and growls which was common for Dixieland and swing styles. Johnson also played with little or no vibrato. He was known for having amazing technical command of his trombone. Frank Rosolino was another amazing bebop trombonist. Rosolin’s best known job as a sideman was as the featured trombonist with the Stan Kenton Orchestra. Other trombonists of this era who made contributions to bebop are Kai Winding, which was very similar to Johnson, so similar that they co-led trombone combos together knows as “Jay and Kai.” Al Grey also is a notable trombonist along with Willie Dennis.

During the 1950s many musicians began reacting to bebop and experimenting with it and trying to put their own twist to it. These jazz players were taking a cue from 1949 Miles Davis recording “Birth of the Cool,”

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