After the end of World War II on September 2, 1945, a new era called the Cold War began. The Cold War was a non-violent state of political and military tension between the democratic and capitalist United States and the communist Soviet Union: two of the biggest powers of the world at the time. However, they were drastically different in both economy and politics, allowing rivalry to build up. They both wanted to become the most powerful nation of the world, and both feared that the other nation would rise up to become the most powerful nation of the world.
Before the mid twentieth century, wars fought between opposing groups involved the colliding forces of two armies on a designated battlefield. However, the Cold War occuring during the years 1947 and 1991 between the major democratic and communist countries of the world proved monumental, as it spurred a crucial time period marked by a series of non-violent engagements. Due to opposing governmental beliefs and a competition for the most powerful nuclear arsenal, the time period is still categorized in history as a war, despite its lack of military combat. This war began because of the disagreements on how governments should operate and was fought using political advantage such as the Marshall Plan, N.A.T.O, the Warsaw Pact, and a nuclear arms race.
Following the events of World War 2, a new conflict arose. Except this one didn’t involve actual fighting. The Cold War began after reciprocated feelings of distrust and conflicting ideas about which government was best between the U.S. and U.S.S.R. While the Cold War affected life in the United States and the Soviet Union, it also influenced life in countries all over the world.
During WWII there was a power struggle between the Soviet Union and the United States. Then after the atomic bomb that the U.S. sent to Japan it was heightened because of the threat of the nuclear war. This then was the beginning of the Cold War. It was the struggle between two world superpowers. Although the bomb was the “beginning” of the Cold War there were many other causes to this war. For example the two both had different political systems. The U.S. is based on democracy, capitalism and freedom. U.S.S.R. is based on dictatorship and communism and control which was a big no to America because they feared of a communist attack. In the end the two allied forces broke up. Truman also disliked Stalin which was another
In order to deal with the postwar tension between the U.S. and Soviet Union, President Truman, who had only recently became president and lacked experience, implemented a new foreign policy to deal with the Soviet Union. (pg. 1006) As illustrated in the primary source titled “The Truman Doctrine,” The Truman Doctrine outlined America’s foreign policy related to the Soviet Union around a declaration of “war on communism, [the Soviet Union’s ideology that clashed against the U.S.’s], everywhere.” (pg. 1006, Truman Doctrine) Truman intended to implement “containment,” in which the spread of communism would be stopped. (pg. 1032) This declaration officially began the Cold War, a conflict that despite involving no actual direct warfare, devastated the relationship between the two countries. (pg. 1001) Many Soviet and American beliefs clashed with each other. (pg. 1022) For instance, American and Soviet views on individual liberties, religious freedom, human rights,
The 46 year struggle known as the Cold War all started over a disagreement at Potsdam. Stalin refused to allow what the Allies wanted. They wanted to give free election to countries in easter Europe like Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria. All these countries became satellite rates controlled by the Soviet Union. This made Truman believe that Stalin was planning to conquer the world and that the former alliance was falling apart. This turned into a battle between Communism and Democracy. Throughout almost all of the Cold War the United States adopted a foreign policy called “containment”.The United States contained Communism in Berlin, Korea, and Cuba by not allowing the Soviet Union to gain anymore land or power.
The Soviet’s growing power was finally addressed in 1946 by former British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. His “Iron Curtain” speech warned Americans about the danger of Soviet expansion, causing all citizens to truly realize that Russia was a major threat. It was now clear that America had to assist any country that was threatened by Soviet Communism. In 1947, the Truman Doctrine was established to do just this. Substantial funds were used for the soul purpose of preventing the expansion of communism, which was further utilized in 1948 to assist Turkey and Greece in this fight. This has been said to be the beginning of the Cold War.
The Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union took place after the World War II until the early 1990s. Both the United States and the Soviet Union were at the Cold War which employed nuclear arms race, space programs development race, weapons developments, counter-intelligence, military alliances, and propaganda. This Cold War made the world fear for the possible World War III. Ally nations for both sides were divided into either the democratic or the communism which were either on the United States side or the Soviet Union’s side. This Cold War was a political and strategic method to gain strategic territories for the military purpose and also for the economic gains.
The struggle between two ideologies, communism and capitalism, fought an nonviolent, passive-aggressive war. The war consisted of an arms race, the space race, and ultimately having both ways of life compete to control the world. This conflict mostly involved the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. It is one of the world’s greatest ironies that the communist state of Russia that was so power-thirsty and desired nothing more than to sink its communist roots into the rest of the world, started this Cold War, and ultimately fell because of it. The USSR was the country who ignited the Cold War with their military expansionism, the totalitarian tendencies of communism as an ideology, and the way that they wrought destruction on European countries, such as Greece. The USSR dude you left off right here, you’re welcome...
The Cold War was a state of political hostility between countries characterised by threats, propaganda, and other measures short of open warfare (Oxford Dictionary of English). President Harry S. Truman had major influence on the continuation of the Cold War in relation to policy, communication and ideology. Truman became President in 1945 after the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. Truman was known for his tough stance against the Soviet Union and refusal to compromise with Stalin and for his policy of containment in relation to communism. Truman contributed to the beginning of the Cold War and the Truman Doctrine had lasting effect on American foreign policy in the twentieth century. In particular, Truman’s actions in the Potsdam
After World War II, Soviet Union expansionism in Eastern Europe fueled America’s fears of Russia controlling the world. The United States had been aware of Soviet communism and became concerned about the safety of the country. From then on, the USSR and the United States competed in an arms race, starting with military buildups. This became known as the Cold War and was an international power struggle for both nations. For about forty-five years, the Cold War between the United States of America and the Soviet Union took place. During this conflict, the two nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield, but deadly threats were traded for years. The president at the time, Ronald Reagan, used U.S. policy and diplomacy to attempt
After World War II ended, a new war began: the Cold War. The Cold war was different because there was no fighting with weapons. The principal antagonists in this war were the United States and Soviet Union. There was a great fear of nuclear weapons and a “hot” war, so instead they fought by using words. After decades of somewhat restrained
Right after the end of World War II with the Allied forces rejoicing over a marginal victory over Germany, a new and different kind of war was brewing over the tensions of the Western and Eastern blocs, a kind that wouldn’t be fought on the battlefield. The Cold War began in the year of 1945 and lasted all the way until 1991. A cause of the Cold War was the tension between two former allies of World War II, the United States of America and the Soviet Union (also known as the USSR, which stood for the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics). The United States had a democratic government and a capitalist economy, while the Soviet Union had a communist government, each trying to spread their political views and gain world power. Neither of the two
Under the lead of President Harry Truman, in 1947, a foreign policy doctrine was forged during the Cold War called the "Containment Policy" which states that the United States did not aim to ignite a war with the Soviet Union,
The Cold War began after the second world war. During the second World War, the United States and the Soviet Union were allies but that quickly dissolved. After the war, Stalin remained in Eastern Europe where many feared that his communist world view would continue to spread. In 1946, Churchill made his famous speech known as the Iron Curtain. This speech painted a picture of how Stalin blocked Eastern Europe from other countries. He stated "an iron curtain has descended across the Continent allowing police government to rule eastern Europe. The Soviets did not want war, what they desired is the fruits of war and the indefinite expansion of their power and doctrine" (LaFeber, 45). This speech spread like wildfire